All posts by mpooran

Michelle Pooran – Medium Theory Final

Michelle Pooran

770 words

Medium Theory is used to describe the research done to find out what the potential influences of communications technologies are and to differentiate it from most other media theories. This theory focuses on each individual type of media and how each fixed feature of communications make the medium physically, psychologically, and socially different from one another. Medium theorists analyze how several factors of which influence the main theory. These factors include the type of communication, such as directional or uni-directional, the speed of dissemination, and how people interpret each message. The universal question of this theory is how does the medium theory influence socially, politically and psychologically.

The Theory discusses a couple of eras throughout the chapter. The eras discussed range from traditional oral societies to modern print societies, to an electronic global culture. Traditional oral societies attempted to preserve the ideas based on the living memory of people. Thus, having to focus on memorization and recitation in order to achieve ones goals. In oral societies, ideas were formed into poetry in order to simplify the memorization process for people. The culture was usually formed in familiar stories with phrases, actions and events. These societies require physical presence in order to communicate with one another, thus making it difficult to interact with people one is not living with. The societies are what is called traditional. People within theses societies did not interact if it was not physically. Preserving the culture and not changing is a huge essential for them because they pride on who they are, what has been done and what has been said within these societies. These oral societies however, are beneficial because they increase the interplay of all the senses. Ultimately, promoting physical interaction with one another which is what we now are trying to encourage as well.

The Transitional Scribal Phase has developed the way we write, express and share our ideas, and ultimately establishing the potential for literature, science and philosophy. This also helped people who were literate to experience and know different things. To think and analyze everything, and to have different world views. This society promoted one which writing helped unify people with ideas, thoughts, and beliefs. These however, are not “natural” ways of communicating. They require a lot of learning in order to perfect this. The printing press was not effective until the sixteenth century; the spread of schooling and growth of literacy(NIH). Thus having a higher impact on Western societies because of the higher level of written symbols used in the East.

The Rise of Modern Print Culture separated the community based on communication system. Therefore, the poor, which were illiterate remained in a system which oral communication was used. Whereas, the middle and higher class were advancing much quicker and were becoming knowledgeable with the libraries. Reading and writing created a separation because of the experiences and knowledge that differed based upon different informational worlds(CBS). This became extremely valuable because societies were developing at a very high rate due to these resources. Several changes in thinking patterns began to occur to the how much people were learning.

Global Electronic Culture was huge step from others because it is when print culture came to its full power. This happened during the late nineteenth century, when the universal literacy and first electronic media collide. The telegraph, telephone, radio, television and more were invented throughout this era. Electronic media have fostered new types of shared experiences in terms of communication(TRINITY). It has allowed forms of sensory experience to compete with print knowledge, thus creating a highly technological society.

Web2.0 and social media have impacted are society enormously. It has allowed for knowledge about every form of life to expand and to be accessible to anyone who needs or wants it. This form of technology and communication has forced people to think to a higher level and to become more aware of the world surrounding us. It has also forced people to dream bigger because of how much one can do nowadays with the technological advancements. These developments have both impacted our society positively and negatively. It has helped us advance and grow at a faster rate socially, physically and psychologically. This however, has decreased physical interaction between human beings because of how effective technology is today(CBS). People don’t have to move in order to obtain information, it is accessible on a telephone or laptop or every kind of machine. People around the world have been attempting to use this technological advancement in a positive way in order to promote oral contact instead of calling or messaging. Thus, improving our society so that we become more aware of what is happening around us.


  1. – TRINITY
  3. – CBS
  4. – NIHnew-all-media2

Meme by Michelle and Carla

Memes are weekly/ monthly questionnaires or ideas that, like a gene, can replicate and evolve. They are united of cultural information that represents a basic idea that can be transferred from one individual to another, and subjected to mutation, crossover and adaptation. They are viral and propagate around. An example of this would be when someone proposed something along the lines of some blog posts – they write about something they see on one blog and the next person does the same sometimes their interpretation varies slightly changing the story.With the emergence Web 2.0, which, in part, refers to tools that make it very easy to create and post content to the Web, the most popular applications are those that provide a platform for users to create content that other users can access, such as memes. Memes began years later after the web was invented. They were slowly beginning to become more popular with the web. A popular meme going around the web is: This is Sparta. It is a meme inspired by the brutal and overly dramatic movie 300, in which the Spartan king Leonidas shouts the line before killing a Persian messenger. What made this popular was the fact that you could reword it however one would like and people would still think it was funny. These make money by people wanting to follow a trends and continuing them by making them a regular source of social media.

My own experience creating a meme was interesting, especially because initially, I was not sure what to post. It was challenging mainly because every moment of the day I would have my phone on me trying to figure out what spectacular moment I could capture on Vine. Finally, I decided to attend a New York City event called The Pillow Fight. I knew I had to Vine it. It didn’t receive as much attention as I would have assumed. However, I later realized that it would have probably received more attention if I would have captured it from another angle. I was a little bit far away from the center of the action.

Carla’s experience creating a meme was inspired by her niece while she was dancing. She wanted to pair up the video with something humorous, so she came up with “When your teacher cancels class”. She was not sure whether or not people would find the vine funny. But to her amazement she received a few compliments, and even got two favorites on twitter. Carla believed that it received attention because her niece was cute and her dancing was entertaining. Overall, both of our experiences creating memes were successful and enjoyable.  

Walt Disney – Michelle Pooran

Kathy Merlock Jackson’s Walt Disney: Bio-Bibliography discusses how Walt Disney essentially changed our lives. She explores his impact on American mass media and culture. In this bio-bibliography, Kathy explains how he did this using books, animation, live-actions film, documentary film, television, comic books, magazines, sheet music and recordings, theme parks, business, and ultimately the over-all view of Disney. Overall, this book consists of a biography of Walt Disney’s life, a discussion of his impact on the American media and society and offers insights into Disney’s thoughts based on his speeches and interviews. It also includes a Disney chronological biography for people to receive information on all his work and scholarships. The author of this book, Kathy Merlock Jackson, wrote this book because as she says “ When I was born in 1995, it was into a Disney world.” She grew up in this world that was all about Disney, and she felt the need to truly explore how Disney became such a big part of her life. Its purpose, was to give people information on who Walt Disney truly was.

The most significant part of this bio-bibliography was when Kathy analyzed the impact that Disney had on American mass media and popular culture. She began by explaining that even though Disney was known for pioneering the animated film and theme park, those were just two of the many things that Disney had an impact on. Many of the art form innovations were introduced and developed by and from the story of Walt Disney and the Disney studios. Some examples of these art forms are animation, sound, story board construction, synchronized movement, Technicolor and 3D. Disney being the first to attempt to master sound technology, influenced other animation studios such as Fleischer and Van Beuren. This was a huge innovation that Disney began to start a trend for experimenting and inventing. Kathy then began to describe how the inventions of Mickey Mouse as “an international success practically overnight because, in his early films, he relied on sight gags for the majority of his laughs. Whether people were watching in Hong Kong, Paris or Cairo, they did not need to follow any dialogue. They could simply laugh at what was happening on screen”. This allowed people to truly recognize the worthiness of all of Disney’s productions and encouraged people to begin to think more creatively. I believe Kathy Merlock Jackson’s depiction and description of Walt Disney really helps the reader distinguish Walt Disney from every other innovator.

What struck me as no te-worthy was definitely the list of all his successions and how Kathy added all the important events in Walt Disney’s life chronologically at the end of the book. I believe that this was an effective way to show the reader the events that took place in Disney’s life that really impacted his life and his career. This bio-bibliography enhanced by understanding of the issues that Disney had to face in order to get where he wanted to be. Personally, I found it inspiring to see how hard he worked to achieve his goals. After reading this book, it showed me how important it is to be creative, and that having this quality will truly help you pursue your dreams. The reason I realized this was due to Kathy’s ability to display his life in a way that helps readers understand how important it is to work hard and be an innovator.


1. Jackson, Kathy M. Walt Disney: A Bio-bibliography. Westport, Conn. U.a.: Greenwood, 1993. Print.

2. Stone, Kay. “Things Walt Disney Never Told Us.” The Journal of American Folklore 88.347, Women and Folklore (1975): 42-50. American Folklore Society. University of Illinois Press. Web. 05 Apr. 2015. –

3. “American National Biography Online: Disney, Walt.” American National Biography Online: Disney, Walt. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Apr. 2015. –


My Story by Michelle Pooran

My Story project is about my trip to Croatia last summer. I chose to make my project about this trip because it was one of the most different and fun trips I have had in my life. I also chose to document this trip because I found Croatia to be extremely beautiful. The biggest challenge I had while creating this video was deciding what to say in my voice-over. I believe that out of the pictures I had, I chose the right ones to flow within the video. Personally, I believe the best part of this movie is the video that I included. I thought I would include it because it would help people see how beautiful Croatia was.

If London were Syria – Michelle Pooran

Text Analysis – Struggle with Syrian Crisis

The Syrian Crisis has put so many children through experiences no one could even imagine. The advertisement If London Were Syria, tells the story of a year in the life of a typical British girl in one-second- day series. This ad is showing what a Syrian child goes through when war is occurring near or in their homes. This ad however, is based in London, England in order to show a little girl’s everyday life and how each day leads up to the war. This ad includes topics such as conflict, war, famine and family crisis when having to flight their homes. The producer of this ad is hoping to draw attention and raise awareness to this global crisis occurring. Additionally, the video is ultimately attempting to show people around the world to realize that simply because it is not happening here, it does not mean it isn’t happening. In this ad we are watching a middle-class little girl’s life fall apart; we watch her become homeless, fatherless and a refugee.

Save the Children created If London were Syria with specific symbolic meaning in certain scenes. The ad begins with a middle-class little girl blowing out candles for her birthday with her whole family behind her. On the other hand, it ends with the girl and her mother telling her to blow out the one candle while they are at a military base. It is easy to forget that Syria was once a middle class country and how much has changed. Syrian children once had everything any normal child would take for granted. The transmission of the first twenty seconds and end of this ad are ultimately showing us how much Syria lost during this tragic war. Those scenes show the girl learning, playing, watching TV, playing dress up, sleeping… etc. There are moments throughout the ad that are essentially showing how there are limited resources such as water, food and medicine. They used semiotic analysis in order to communicate to the viewers the importance of being grateful for everything that you have.

When psychoanalyzing this ad, I felt that it’s purpose was to make people feel guilty of the fact that people don’t care for things unless it is happening to them. Throughout the video I felt grief, anger, hopelessness and fear. Grief because a child anywhere around the world should not have to experience this. Anger because people around the world are not paying enough attention to the fact that there are people suffering in Syria and we are either not aware, or not caring for these people. Hopelessness because there is not much that can be done to save the children that have to go through this. Finally, fear because I am afraid for children that have to grow up knowing that they went through a horrific experience such as that one.

The Save the Children Fund produced this advertisement in order to show people the seriousness of this global issue. This international non-governmental organization helps promote children’s rights. It also provides relief and helps support children in developing countries with better education, economic opportunities, and with healthcare. It mostly promotes the changing of policies to provide more rights for children. They do this by enforcing it upon the UN. The ad If London Were Syria, was released on March 5th 2014, and directed by Martin Stirling. It was first released in the UK however since then, it has spread worldwide. While reviewing the YouTube comments, I noticed that a lot of people’s opinions explain how if there weren’t religion, there would never be this problem. A lot of Americans also expressed their opinions on YouTube by stating that even if they wanted to help, they wouldn’t be able to because it seems almost unrealistic that someone would have enough power to save that many children in Syria.

The set goal for this advertisement was to create a time-lapse video that would raise awareness about the plight of Syrian children by imagining what a British girl would experience if war came closer to her home. Hoping that the message of this video will resonate with members of our society, Save the Children ultimately wants this ad to touch people who do not have much knowledge about the issue in Syria.

Michelle Pooran & Carla Cornejo – Google Glass

Google X’s mission for creating the Google Glass was to produce a mass-market computer that displays information from google with a hands-free format. This technological advancement has extended our senses in multiple ways such as by providing a way to use everything within a smartphone by also being able to complete tasks efficiently at the same time. On January 2015, Google decided to stop producing the Google Glass. Therefore, this has not made many aspects of society possible because it was not given the chance. They, however have remained committed to the development of the product. Although the development of this product has stopped, Google has perceived that Google Glass will have its brightest spots in the business world, and have recently been guaranteed a place by dispatching Glass at Work. This is a system organization that will make companies make business applications for Glass. This will help Google in the future to develop this product.

Katharine Graham

Katharine Graham being one of the most powerful women in the mass media, owned one of the most well-known newspaper company in the United States, The Washington Post. She was not only the owner of the company but also one of the main publishers of the newspaper. From 1973-1991, she was board chairman and chief executive of the company. The Washington Post became known for its major investigations such as the publication of the secret Pentagon Papers. This went against the governments orders. Graham, on two occasions, stood up for freedom of the press. This showed many that general media was not used for the bad. That it could be an outlet for tremendous good.